Here’s a brief summary of some ways in which Palestinian varies from modern standard Arabic (MSA). This is a very simplified look at the dialect, which really varies a lot across a very small geographical area, and consists of three slightly different dialects: urban, rural and bedouin (nomadic) Palestinian.
ق is pronounced in various ways:
* glottal stop (hamza ء) – urban, in towns and cities
* k (kaaf ك) – rural, in smaller villages
* hard g (like Egyptian ج) – Bedouin and in the South, including in Gaza
Some common vocabulary
MSA — Palestinian — English
لماذا limāðā — ليش layš — Why
ماذا māðā — ايش ayš / شو šū — What
كيف kayfa — كيف kīf — How
متى matā — إيمتى īmtā — When
اين ayna — وين wayn — Where
من man — مين mīn — Who
* LangMedia offers a topic-based course in communicative Palestinian dialect – as spoken in Jordan. This is the dialect you would hear most in urban Jordan, eg. in the capital Amman, but comes originally from the Palestinians who moved into the area to the East of the river Jordan when Israel was founded. There are other dialects in Jordan, including the bedouin Gulf dialect, but these are less common in the cities. This course is ideal for beginners and intermediate students.
* This collection of recordings of native speakers of the dialect of Hebron, al-Khalil, is wonderful for advanced students of Arabic, but perhaps does not have enough supporting textual material for intermediate students. The recordings made up the evidence for the author’s PhD thesis, which he has also published on the same website.
* Wikipedia has quite a detailed academic description
* This wonderful book and DVD set has some basic monologues in Palestinian dialect, where Palestinians of various ages discuss everyday topics such as their family, home life, education, work, views on cultural issues, etc.
- Focus on Contemporary Arabic (Conversations with Native Speakers), by Shukri Abed
- Publisher: Yale University Press; Pap/DVD edition (10 Nov 2006)
- ISBN-10: 0300109482
- ISBN-13: 978-0300109481
(Conversations with Native Speakers) Shukri Abed